September 2004                                  

Earth Science Links:

 

                                    

 Fossils and Geologic Time

An Overview of Earth History
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/past/geologic_time.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

Fossils:  Window to the Past
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/paleo/fossils/ 

Getting into the Fossil Record
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/education/explorations/tours/fossil/index.html 

The Mystery of Mass Extinction is No Longer Murky
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/headline_universe/olpa/extinction_17june08.html
 

Geologic Time:  Our Earth Is Old
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/geology/hist_geotime.html

Paleontology:  The Big Dig and Pangaea
 http://www.ology.amnh.org/paleontology/ 

NASA Earth Science
http://kids.earth.nasa.gov/ 

Earth Floor 
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsys.html 

Fossils - Frequently Asked Questions    
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/faq.php#paleo  

Dinosaur Extinction
http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/prehistoric-world/dinosaur-extinction.html  

 

Caves

What is the Difference Between  Stalactites and Stalagmites?
http://science.discovery.com/stories/week/hsw/stalactites-stalagmites.html 

Protecting Our Non-Renewable Resources
http://www.howecaverns.com/conservation

The Growth of Speleothems
http://www.howecaverns.com/speleothems  

More Than Skin Deep
http://www.nps.gov/archive/ozar/skindeep.htm

Solution Caves
http://www.goodearthgraphics.com/virtcave/virtcave.html 

Into the Caves - "California's Underground"
http://www.rockhounds.com/rockgem/articles/caves.html

Caves in the United States
http://www.goodearthgraphics.com/showcave/menu.html

Glacier Caves
http://glaciercaves.com/html/caves.html  

How Limestone Caves Formed
http://www.maropeng.co.za/index.php/exhibition_guide/limestone/

 

   

        EARTHQUAKES         

 Earthquakes - FEMA for KIDS 
http://www.fema.gov/kids/quake.htm  

Plate Tectonics - San Andreas Fault
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/plates4.html 

The Ring of Fire
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/savageearth/hellscrust/html/sidebar3.html  

Earthquakes for Kids (USGS)
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learning/kids.php

FEMA Earthquakes 
http://www.fema.gov/hazard/earthquake/index.shtm

Earth Force
http://sln.fi.edu/earth/earth.html

Savage Earth
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/savageearth/     

Study of Glacial Earthquakes Shakes Up Idea of How Ice Streams Move
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/headline_
universe/olpa/GlacialQuake_05june08.html&QUERY=edu=mid&

SEARCH_TYPE=and&USER_LEVEL=mid&INPUT_STRING=caves&SEARCH_DIR=&science=
1&arts_and_humanities=1&activities_and_games=

1&ask_a_scientist=1&tours=1&pictures=1&back=/search/search_navigation.html   

Earth Floor
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsys.html

The Tech-Earthquakes
 http://www.thetech.org/exhibits_events/online/quakes/ 

USGS Earthquake Center
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/neic/

Plate Tectonics
http://education.sdsc.edu/optiputer/teachers/index.html  

NASA Earth Science
http://kids.earth.nasa.gov/ 

American Red Cross - Earthquakes 
http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/0,1082,0_583_,00.html  

What is an Earthquake?  - Weather Wiz Kids 
http://www.weatherwizkids.com/earthquake1.htm  

The Ring of Fire
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/savageearth/hellscrust/html/sidebar3.html 

 

 

 

VOLCANOES

How Volcanoes Work:  Mount St. Helens Eruption 1080
http://www.geology.sdsu.edu/how_volcanoes_work/Sthelens.html 

Mount St. Helens
http://www.fema.gov/kids/volhelen.htm

 Mount St. Helens from 1980 Eruption to 2000
http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2000/fs036-00/ 

Types of Volcanoes
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/volcanoes/vtypesvolcan1.html

Volcano Explorer
http://kids.discovery.com/games/pompeii/pompeii.html

Volcanoes - FEMA for KIDS 
http://wwVolcanoes - FEMA 
http://www.fema.gov/hazard/volcano/index.shtm   

Volcano - Hot Spots
http://www.amnh.org/ology/features/plates/hotspots.php 

 http://www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/hazards/primer/ 

USGS Volcano Center
http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/

Cascades Volcano Observatory 
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/home.html    

Deadly Shadow of Vesuvius 
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/vesuvius/ 

 

HOT SPOTS

Volcanic Hot Spots
http://www.kidsgeo.com/geology-for-kids/0048-volcanic-hot-spots.php

Hot Spots:  Mantle's Thermal Plumes
http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/dynamic/hotspots.html 

Volcanism
http://www.kidsgeo.com/geology-for-kids/0049-volcanism.php

Yellowstone Volcano: Is "the Beast" Building to a Violent Tantrum?
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/08/0828_wireyellowstone_2.html

Mega-tsunami: Wave of Destruction
http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/horizon/2000/mega_tsunami.shtml

Action Urged Over Giant Wave Threat
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/966968.stm

Supervolcanoes
http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/horizon/1999/supervolcanoes_script.shtml

 

 

PLATE TECTONICS

What Drives Plates
http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/dynamic/unanswered.html#anchor19928310

Plate Tectonics
http://www.kidsgeo.com/geology-for-kids/0043-plate-tectonics.php

Plate Boundaries
http://www.kidsgeo.com/geology-for-kids/0044-plate-boundaries.php

Hydrothermal Vents - Creatures at Bottom of Ocean
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/savageearth/hellscrust/html/sidebar2.html  

Odyssey and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

                                                                                                                                                        http://www.pbs.org/odyssey/odyssey/20050530_log_transcript.html

Understanding Plate Movements - Three Types of Plate Boundaries
http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/dynamic/understanding.html#anchor3795107

Understanding Plate Motions 
http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/dynamic/understanding.html#anchor4844282  

What is a subduction zone?
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-subduction-zone.htm

Observe an animation of volcanism at a subduction zone.
http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/visualizations/es0902/es0902page01.cfm

Ocean Floor Mapping
http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/dynamic/developing.html

This Dynamic Earth:  Plate Tectonics
http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/dynamic/dynamic.html 

 

CONVECTION CURRENTS
 

How Liquid Motion Lamps Work (Lava Lamps)
http://www.howstuffworks.com/lava-lamp.htm

Questions About Heat Flow and Geothermal Energy at Yellowstone
http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/yvo/about/faq/faqgeothermal.php#release

Boiling Water
http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/educate/temps_ans.shtml

http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/vwlessons/lessons/Earths_layers/Earths_layers7.html

What Drives Plates
http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/dynamic/unanswered.html#anchor19928310 

Moving Energy
http://www.geography4kids.com/files/en_movement.html

 

THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY (exothermic reaction)

Conduction (click on each colored word)
http://discover.edventures.com/functions/termlib.php?action=&termid=355&alpha=c&searchString=conduction

Thermal Energy
http://discover.edventures.com/functions/termlib.php?action=&termid=144&alpha=t&searchString= 

What is Energy?  (Kinetic and Potential Energy)
http://www.uwsp.edu/CNR/wcee/keep/Mod1/Whatis/energyforms.htm

The Transfer of Heat - Radiation, Conduction, and Convection
http://www.srh.weather.gov/srh/jetstream/atmos/heat.htm

Heat Transfer
http://www.efunda.com/formulae/heat_transfer/home/overview.cfm 

Make Ice Cream in a Baggie
http://chemistry.about.com/cs/howtos/a/aa020404a.htm

Energy Rules!
http://www.uwsp.edu/CNR/wcee/keep/Mod1/Rules/EnTransfer.htm 

Heat Energy
http://www.energyinfonz.co.nz/home/KidsZone/Energybasics/HE.html

Sunday Family Dinner
http://www.tdc.ca/sundayicecream.htm 

Solids, Liquids, and Gases
http://www.worsleyschool.net/science/files/state/changes.html 

Potential and Kinetic Energy
http://discover.edventures.com/functions/termlib.php?
action=&termid=347&alpha=p&searchString=potential+energy

 

 

WEATHERING

Mechanical and Chemical Weathering
http://www.geography4kids.com/files/land_weathering.html

Forces of Weathering - Mechanical and Chemical Weathering
http://www.kidsgeo.com/geology-for-kids/0065-forces-of-weathering.php

Do Rocks Last Forever
http://www.consrv.ca.gov/CGS/information/kids_geozone/Pages/do_rocks_last_forever.aspx

Science:  Weathering and Erosion
http://www.emints.org/ethemes/resources/S00000299.shtml 

Weathering of Rocks
http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/Tw-Z/Weathering-of-Rocks.html

Breaking Rocks Apart
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/geology/sed_weathering.html&edu=mid

What’s the difference between weathering and erosion?
http://www.nature.nps.gov/GEOLOGY/usgsnps/misc/gweaero.html

Weathering (fantastic pictures)
http://facstaff.gpc.edu/~pgore/geology/geo101/weather.htm

 

EROSION:  MASS MOVEMENT
LANDSLIDES AND MUDSLIDES

Landslides and Mudslides 
http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/landslides.asp 

Mass Wasting -Landslides and Mudslides
http://www.kidsgeo.com/geology-for-kids/0069-mass-wasting.php

Landslides  - FEMA 
http://www.fema.gov/hazard/landslide/index.shtm   

Landslide Hazards
 http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs-0071-00/fs-0071-00.pdf 

American Red Cross:  Landslides and Debris Flow (Mudslide) 
http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/0,1082,0_588_,00.html 

Landslides
http://www.kidsgeo.com/geology-for-kids/0071-landslides.php 

United States Search and Rescue Task Force - Landslides
http://www.ussartf.org/landslides.htm 

Recent Landslide News 
http://landslides.usgs.gov/recent/ls_news.php

Mudslide Safety - Weather Wiz Kids 
http://www.weatherwizkids.com/mudslide.htm 

Avalanche Safety - Weather Wiz Kids  
http://www.weatherwizkids.com/avalanche.htm 

The Landslide Handbook - A Guide to Understanding Landslides
http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1325/pdf/Sections/Section1.pdf 

Landslide and Debris Flow (Mudslide)
http://www.fema.gov/areyouready/landslide.shtm 

 

GLACIERS

Glaciers and Ice Sheets
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/polar/cryosphere_
glacier1.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

All About Glaciers 
http://nsidc.org/glaciers/  

Avalanche Safety - Weather Wiz Kids  
http://www.weatherwizkids.com/avalanche.htm 

Tips for Forecasting Weather
 http://www.weatherwizkids.com/avalanche.htm 

Glaciers and Glacier Hazards  
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Glossary/Glaciers/description_glaciers_hazards.html 

Warming of the Polar Regions
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/polar/polar_climate.html

Polar Bears on Thin Ice
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/polar/polar_bears_jan07.html

Greenland's Ice Is Melting Faster
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/headline_universe/olpa/greenland_
10dec07.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

 

 

HURRICANES

American Red Cross - Hurricanes 
http://www.redcross.org/general/0,1082,0_587_,00.html  

Hurricanes  FEMA for KIDS
http://www.fema.gov/kids/hurr.htm 

Hurricanes - FEMA 
 http://www.fema.gov/hazard/hurricane/index.shtm 

Hurricanes - NOAA
http://hurricanes.noaa.gov/      

Tropical Cyclone
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical_cyclone 

Hurricane Hunters 
http://www.fema.gov/kids/huhunt.htm   

Hurricane Hunters 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Hunters  

Hurricanes - Weather Wiz Kids 
http://www.weatherwizkids.com/hurricane1.htm 

 

FLOODS

Flood and Flash Flood 
http://www.redcross.org/services/prepare/0,1082,0_240_,00.html  

Rain and Floods - Weather Wiz Kids
 http://www.weatherwizkids.com/Rain.htm  

Flash Floods and Floods - The Awesome Power 
http://www.noaa.gov/floods.html 

Floods - FEMA 
http://www.fema.gov/hazard/flood/index.shtm  

Hurricane Preparedness for New Orleans - Flood
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_preparedness_for_New_Orleans 

Hurricane Katrina - Flooding
 http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/309/5741/1656 

Red Cross Helps Residents Returning to New Orleans 
http://www.redcross.org/article/0,1072,0_272_4692,00.html 

 

TSUNAMIS

2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake - Indonesia Tsunami
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2004_Indian_Ocean_earthquake  

Tsunamis - FEMA  
http://www.fema.gov/hazard/tsunami/index.shtm 

Red Cross Responds to....Tsunami Survivors (Sri Lanka)  
http://www.redcross.org/article/0,1072,0_312_6011,00.html

Tsunami:  the Great Waves   
http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/brochures/tsunami.htm 

NOAA and Tsunamis - Strength of Earthquakes 
http://www.publicaffairs.noaa.gov/grounders/tsunamis.html

What Cause Tsunamis  
http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/brochures/tsunami2.htm 

 

 

TORNADOES

Tornadoes
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/tornado.
html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

Sizes of Tornadoes
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/tornado_sizes.html

Guide to Weather Advisories, Watches, and Warnings
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/weather_severe
/AdvWatWarGuide.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

 

Thunderstorm Safety
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/tstorm/
safety.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid


Staying Safe After a Tornado 
http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/0,1082,0_575_,00.html  

Tornadoes - FEMA for KIDS
 http://www.fema.gov/kids/tornado.htm

Supercell Thunderstorms and Squall Lines
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/tstorm
/severe.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

Tornadoes - FEMA 
http://www.fema.gov/hazard/tornado/index.shtm 

Tornadoes - Weather Wiz Kids  
http://www.weatherwizkids.com/tornado.htm  

Tornadoes - Nature's Most Violent Storms 
http://www.nssl.noaa.gov/edu/safety/tornadoguide.html  

Questions and Answers about Tornadoes  
http://www.nssl.noaa.gov/primer/tornado/tor_basics.html 

Storm Chasing 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storm_chasing

 

 

AIR and AIR PRESSURE

Layers of the Atmosphere
http://www.srh.weather.gov/srh/jetstream/atmos/layers.htm 

Solar Energy in Earth's Atmosphere
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/earth_
atmosph_radiation_budget.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid
  

Air Pressure
http://www.srh.weather.gov/srh/jetstream/atmos/pressure.htm 

Pushy Pressure
http://www.geography4kids.com/files/atm_pressure.html#theTop

The Transfer of Heat - Radiation, Conduction, and Convection
http://www.srh.weather.gov/srh/jetstream/atmos/heat.htm

It's a Breeze:  How Air Pressure Affects You
 http://kids.earth.nasa.gov/archive/air_pressure/index.html 

Land Breeze 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_breeze 

Sea Breeze 
http://www.srh.weather.gov/srh/jetstream/ocean/seabreezes.htm 

Power of the Wind 
http://www.sciencenewsforkids.org/articles/20050309/Feature1.asp   

Atmospheric Pressure and Wind 
 http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/weather/elementsofweatherrev8.shtml 

What is Wind - Weather Wiz Kids
 http://www.weatherwizkids.com/wind1.htm 

Tips for Forecasting Weather
 http://www.weatherwizkids.com/avalanche.htm 

Climate
http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/kids/detectives.html  

Predicting the Weather  
http://content.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=4910 

What is Air Pressure?  
http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/educate/pressure.shtml 

Air Rockets
http://exploration.grc.nasa.gov/education/rocket/rktstomp.html 

 

Cold and Warm Fronts

Supercell Thunderstorms and Squall Lines
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/tstorm
/severe.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

Climate and Weather
http://epa.gov/climatechange/kids/climateweather.html

Cold and Warm Fronts
http://www.kidsgeo.com/geography-for-kids/0128-cold-fronts.php

Cold Fronts
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/tstorm/cold_front.html

Warm Fronts
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/tstorm/warm_front.html

 

 

      

WATER CYCLE  - CONDENSATION - CLOUDS

Water Cycle
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsys.html 

Earth's Water Cycle
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Water/water_cycle.
html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid
 

Water Cycle 
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/cycles.html    

Water Cycle 
http://www.learner.org/exhibits/weather/watercycle.html 

Water Cycle
http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watercycle.html

Water Vapor  
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_vapor 

Condensation
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Water/
condensation.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

Rain and Floods - Weather Wiz Kids
 http://www.weatherwizkids.com/Rain.htm  

Fog
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fog    

NASA Earth Science
http://kids.earth.nasa.gov/ 

 Forecast and Warning Improvements
http://www.nssl.noaa.gov/   

Electromagnetic Spectrum - Radiation
http://www.geography4kids.com/files/en_emspectrum.html

 

ATMOSPHERE - CLOUDS - LIGHTNING

Layers of the Atmosphere
http://www.srh.weather.gov/srh/jetstream/atmos/layers.htm 

The Earth's Atmosphere
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/
overview.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

Layers of the Atmosphere
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/
layers.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

Clouds on other planets:  Rare High Altitude Clouds  Found on Mars
  http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMC4JZ7QQE_index_0.html    

Clouds on other planets: 
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/mars/lower_atmosphere.html  

http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/venus/atmosphere.html 

http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/jupiter/atmosphere/J_clouds_overview.html 

http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/saturn/lower_atmosphere.html 

http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/uranus/lower_atmosphere.html 

http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/neptune/lower_atmosphere.html

Clouds
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/
cloud.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

Clouds
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud 

Clouds 
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/weather/1elementsofweatherrev5.shtml 

Clouds -  Weather Wiz Kids  
http://www.weatherwizkids.com/cloud.htm

Cumulonimbus Cloud 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumulonimbus_cloud 

How Lightning Works
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/sciencenow/3214/02-works.html

What is Lightning - Weather Wiz Kids
http://www.weatherwizkids.com/lightning1.htm 

Electricity and Magnetism
http://www.physics4kids.com/files/elec_intro.html 
  

National Weather Service 
http://www.nws.noaa.gov/ 

 

AERONAUTICS (rockets)

What are Wind Tunnels?
http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/5-8/features/what-are-wind-tunnels-58.html

NASA's Wind Tunnels
http://oea.larc.nasa.gov/PAIS/WindTunnel.html

What is Lift?
http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/lift1.html

The Early-Years of Air Transportation (1914-1927)
http://www.nasm.si.edu/americabyair/early_years/index.cfm

http://www.nasa.gov/centers/langley/aeronautics/

Wind Tunnel Tests Help Engineers Go With the Flow
http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/improvingflight/hybolt.html

Time Magazine Recognizes the X-48B
http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/improvingflight/bwb-timemagazine.html

Crash! Boom! Bang!
http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/improvingflight/techseminar-crashsafety.html 

The Birth of a Quieter, Greener Plane
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/6113418.stm

http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/bga.html

http://wright.nasa.gov/airplane/newton3.html 

 

WIND ENERGY

The Most Frequently Asked Questions about Wind Energy
http://www.awea.org/pubs/documents/faq2002%20-%20web.pdf  

Wind Energy -- Energy from Moving Air***
http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energyfacts/sources/renewable/
wind.html#Energy%20from%20the%20Wind

BWEA  Frequently Asked Questions
http://www.bwea.com/ref/faq.html 

Wind Energy Development
http://windeis.anl.gov/faq/index.cfm 

Wind Energy
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Science/wind_energy.html 

Weather - Wind***
http://virtualskies.arc.nasa.gov/weather/tutorial/tutorial3.html

Biomass
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Science/biomass.html

Coal Energy
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Science/coal_energy.html

Geothermal Energy
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Science/geothermal_energy.html

Hydroelectric Power
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Science/hydroelectric_power.html

Nuclear Fusion
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Science/nuclear_fusion.html 

What is Acid Rain
http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/acidrain/2.html

Solar Radiation
http://www.eoearth.org/article/Solar_radiation 

 

SOLAR RADIATION

***Solar Energy International ***Kids Info
http://www.solarenergy.org/resources/youngkids.html#4 

Solar Panel Basics
http://www.greenlivingtips.com/articles/237/1/Solar-panel-basics.html 

Solar Radiation Entering the Earth's System
http://edmall.gsfc.nasa.gov/inv99Project.Site/Pages/science-briefs/ed-stickler/ed-irradiance.html 

Solar Radiation
http://encyclopedia.kids.net.au/page/so/Solar_radiation 

Radiant Energy from the Sun
http://www.geography4kids.com/files/en_solarrad.html

Energy from the Sun  
http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/energyfacts/sources/renewable/solar.html#fromthesun 

Energy Around Us
http://www.cosmos4kids.com/files/universe_emradiation.html

The Transfer of Heat - Radiation, Conduction, and Convection
http://www.srh.weather.gov/srh/jetstream/atmos/heat.htm

Electrons and Magnetism
http://www.physics4kids.com/files/elec_intro.html

Protecting Children from Ultraviolet Radiation 
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs261/en/ 

Solar Radiation 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_radiation 

Kili is Crumbling  
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/adventure/0310/exclusive.html 

Heat Wave:  A Major Summer Killer  
http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/brochures/heat_wave.shtml  

 

 

ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM (includes rainbow information)

Electromagnetic Spectrum
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/physical_science/magnetism/em_
spectrum.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

The Electromagnetic Spectrum: All Sorts of Light!
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/climate/cli_
spectrum.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

What is it?
http://science.hq.nasa.gov/kids/imagers/ems/index.html

Electromagnetic Spectrum
http://science.hq.nasa.gov/kids/imagers/ems/radio.html

Electromagnetic Spectrum - Radiation
http://www.geography4kids.com/files/en_emspectrum.html

What Causes a Rainbow?
http://science.howstuffworks.com/question41.htm

Rainbow...What Is It?
http://www.ypte.org.uk/environmental/rainbow-what-is-it-/103

 

 

RADIO WAVES

Radio Waves
http://sunearth.gsfc.nasa.gov/sunearthday/2003/educators_guide2003/pdf/rwaves_acts.pdf 

Ionosphere
 http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/ionosphere.html

The Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation
http://apollo.lsc.vsc.edu/classes/met130/notes/chapter1/ion2.html 

The Effects of Earth's Upper Atmosphere on Radio Signals
http://radiojove.gsfc.nasa.gov/education/educ/radio/tran-rec/exerc/iono.htm 

AM, FM Waves and Sound
http://www.cybercollege.com/frtv/frtv017.htm

Radio Waves
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/physical_science/magnetism/em_radio_waves.html&edu=high 

 

 

 

AIR POLLUTION

Air Pollution 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth%27s_atmosphere#Air_pollution 

A Hole in the Sky:  Understanding the Ozone Depletion 
http://www.learner.org/exhibits/weather/atmosphere2.html 

Elements of Weather  
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/weather/1elementsofweatherrev1.shtml   

Weather:  What Forces Affect Our Weather? 
http://www.learner.org/exhibits/weather/atmosphere.html 

Make the Earth's Weather 
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/elnino/anatomy/earthsweather.html 

ACID RAIN

Video on Acid Rain
http://www.epa.gov/acidrain/education/site_students/acid_anim.html 

What is Acid Rain
http://www.epa.gov/acidrain/education/site_students/whatcanyoudo.html  

Acid Rain
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/acid
_rain.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

Acid Rain
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Environmental_Problems/acid_rain.html 

Acid Rain - Causes
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Environmental_Problems/acid_rain_-_causes.html 

Pollution's Effects on Us
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/pollution_effects_overview.html

Acid Rain - Effects
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Environmental_Problems/acid_rain_-_effects.html

Acid Rain in the Adirondacks
http://classes.colgate.edu/aleventer/geol101/acidadir/acid14.htm

Acid Rain Has Greater Impact on Coastal Ocean Waters
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/headline_universe/olpa/acid_
coasts_7sept07.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

Acid Rain Solutions
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Environmental_Problems/acid_rain_-_solutions.html 

Department of Environmental Conservation:
New York State - A Leader in Reducing Acid Rain
http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/8418.html   

Environmental Impacts of Acid Deposition:  Lakes
http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/8631.html

Acid Rain and Air Quality
http://www.ec.gc.ca/acidrain/acidair.html

Water Education- Learn About Water Quality
Drinking Water and Acid Rain
http://www.freedrinkingwater.com/water-education3/39-water-acid-rain.htm

 

 

GREENHOUSE EFFECT

Earth's Greenhouse Effect
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/climate/earth_greenhouse.html&edu=mid

http://www.geography4kids.com/files/atm_greenhouse.html

Climate Change
http://epa.gov/climatechange/kids/index.html

The Orbiting Carbon Observatory...
                                               http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/oco/news/oco-20090123.html
The   g Carbon Observatory

  ????

GLOBAL WARMING

Global Warming
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Environmental_Problems/global_warming.html 

Global Warming - Causes
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Environmental_Problems/global_warming_-_causes.html 

Global Warming - Effects
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Environmental_Problems/global_warming_-_effects.html 

Global Warming - Solutions
http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Environmental_Problems/global_warming_-_solutions.html  

Effects of Climate Change Today
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/climate/cli_effects.html

Global Warming Affects World's Largest Freshwater Lake
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/headline_
universe/olpa/LakeBaikal_30april08.html&edu=mid
 
 

NORTHERN  LIGHTS

Northern Lights  
 http://www.northern-lights.no/  

Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights)
http://www.crh.noaa.gov/fsd/astro/aurora.php  

Colored by the Atmosphere
http://www.gi.alaska.edu/asahi/color.htm

Earth's Magnetic Field
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/
Magnetosphere/earth_magnetic_field.html&text=t

The Polar Atmosphere
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/polar/polar_atmosphere.
html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid

Fields of Magnetic Forces
http://www.geography4kids.com/files/earth_magfield.html

Question of the Month:  Auroras 
http://www.noaa.gov/questions/question_030502.html 

Everyday Mysteries - What are the Northern Lights?
http://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/mysteries/northernlights.html

Aurora 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurora_(astronomy)  

What are the Northern Lights?
http://ksnn.larc.nasa.gov/webtext.cfm?unit=northernlights 

Photo in the News:  Jupiter Auroras
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/03/070330-jupiter-picture.html 

Solar Super Storm
http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2003/23oct_superstorm.htm  

***Pictures of Auroras***
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/Atmosphere/aurora_il.html

 

SOLAR SYSTEM

Seasons:  The Seasonal Merry-Go-Round
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/the_universe/uts/seasons2.html&edu=high 

SUN and SEASONS:  Why is it hot in summer and cold in winter? 
http://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/mysteries/seasons.html 

Myths, Stories and Historical References
http://www.kidseclipse.com/pages/a1b3c5d0.htm 

Ask an Astronomer for Kids
http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_kids/AskKids/index.shtml  

Solar System
http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/space/solar-system/

Solar Eclipse
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/sun/atmosphere/solar_eclipse.html&edu=high

Solar Eclipse
http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/space/solar-system/solar-eclipse-article.html

Total Solar Eclipse
http://www.exploratorium.edu/eclipse/2009/index.html

Myths and Legends Related to Eclipses
http://www.pitara.com/magazine/features/online.asp?story=11

The Myth and Rituals of Eclipses
http://starryskies.com/The_sky/events/lunar-2003/eclipse7.html 

Sun
http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/space/solar-system/sun-article.html

Solar Flare
http://www.space.com/solar-flares/ 

Earth
http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/space/solar-system/earth.html

Venus Information for Kids
http://www.happynews.com/living/space/venus-information-kids.htm 

Climate (Seasons)
http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/earth/earths-atmosphere/climate-article/

The Seasons
http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/solarsystem/earth/solsticescience.shtml

Climate and Global Change
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/climate/climate.html

Why Are There Seasons?
http://ksnn.larc.nasa.gov/k2/s_seasons.html 

What causes the seasons?
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/the_universe/uts/seasons1.html

What Causes an Eclipse?
http://www.earthview.com/tutorial/causes.htm

Effects During a Total Solar Eclipse
http://www.earthview.com/tutorial/effects.htm

Patterns of Eclipses
http://www.earthview.com/tutorial/patterns.

Lunar Eclipse - Into the Shadow
http://www.captaincosmos.clara.co.uk/eclmoon.html

http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/moon/eclipse.html&edu=high 

Pluto Demoted - No Longer a Plane
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/headline_universe/solar_system/stories_2006/pluto_nonplanet_aug_2006.html&edu=elem

 


METEORS AND ASTEROIDS

Meteors and Meteor Showers
http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/meteors/showers.html

Meteors
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/our_solar_system/meteors
/meteors.html&back=/search/search_navigation.html&edu=mid
 

Geologists Discover New Way of Estimating Size and Frequency
 of the Impacts of Meteorites
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/headline_
universe/olpa/meteorite_impacts_11april08.html

2008 Meteor Showers and Viewing Tips
http://stardate.org/nightsky/meteors/

What is the Barringer Meteorite Crater?
 http://www.barringercrater.com/science/ 

Relief Map, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico -
Crater of Dino Extinction 
http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/NewImages/images.php3?img_id=11268  

The K-T Boundary - Crater Impact and End of Dinos 
http://www.nmnh.si.edu/paleo/blast/k_t_boundary.htm 

Meteors and Meteor Showers 
http://www.crh.noaa.gov/fsd/astro/meteor.php 

Lunar Geminids - Meteors Hitting Moon 
http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2007/03jan_lunargeminids.htm  

181 Things To Do on the Moon 
http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2007/02feb_181.htm    

Asteroid - NOVA:  Ask the Expert
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/sciencenow/3313/01-ask.html 

Shock Discovery of Ancient Space Invader 
http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/antenna/asteroidimpact/ 

Asteroid Deflection Strategies - Stopping Impact  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asteroid_deflection_strategies#Asteroid_gravitational_tractor  

 

MARS

Olympus Mons:  Largest Volcano in the Solar System
http://www.exploringmars.com/science/olympus_mons.html 

NASA Earth Science
http://kids.earth.nasa.gov/ 

Outer Space
http://www.kidsastronomy.com/   

Windows to the Universe
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/  

Astronomy 
http://www.ology.amnh.org/
 

Living in Space  
http://www.childrensmuseum.org/cosmicquest/spacestation/index2.html 

A Real Mars Research Mission on Earth 
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/education/2006/mdrs.html 

 

BLACK HOLES

 

Black Hole
http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/the_universe/BH.html

Black Holes and Neutron Stars
http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/htmltest/rjn_bht.html 

Black Holes - NASA
http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/science/know_l2/black_holes.html

Black Holes 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_hole 

Black Holes:  Gravity's Relentless Pull  
http://hubblesite.org/explore_astronomy/black_holes/home.html 

Black Holes - Frequently Asked Questions 
http://cosmology.berkeley.edu/Education/BHfaq.html#q7

Outer Space
http://www.kidsastronomy.com/   

Black Hole  -  Abandon Hope, All Ye Who Enter Here ...  
http://amazing-space.stsci.edu/resources/explorations/blackholes/ 

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