Please use this chart to help you understand what tasks your ELLs are able to accomplish.

 

THE FOUR STAGES OF SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

STAGE I

PRE-PRODUCTION

        MINIMAL COMPREHENSION

        NO VERBAL PRODUCTION

 

 

CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES:

LISTEN                DRAW

POINT                 SELECT

MOVE                  CHOOSE

MIME                   ACT/ACT OUT

MATCH                CIRCLE

 

 

STAGE II

EARLY PRODUCTION

        LIMITED COMPREHENSION

        ONE/TWO WORD RESPONSES

 

 

CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES:

NAME                    LIST

LABEL                   CATEGORIZE

GROUP                  TELL/SAY

RESPOND             ANSWER

DISCRIMINATE

                  

STAGE III

SPEECH EMERGENCE

        INCREASED COMPREHENSION

        SIMPLE SENTENCES

        SOME BASIC ERRORS IN SPEECH

 

 

CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES:

RECALL              SUMMARIZE

RETELL              DESCRIBE

DEFINE              ROLE-PLAY

EXPLAIN            RESTATE

COMPARE          CONTRAST

 

 

STAGE IV

INTERMEDIATE FLUENCY

        VERY GOOD COMPREHENSION

        MORE COMPLEX SENTENCES

        FEWER ERRORS IN SPEECH

 

 

CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES:

ANALYZE           LIST

CREATE             CATEGORIZE

DEFEND            TELL/SAY

DEBATE             ANSWER

PREDICT            HYPOTHESIZE

 

Adapted from Action Sequence Stories

 

Welcome to Shenendehowa ESL!

 

New York State LEP Identification Process

 

The New York State ESL Learning Standards

 

What Affects English Language Learning?/The Silent Period

 

Helping LEP Students Adjust to the Classroom

 

Recommended Classroom Strategies for Teachers Working with ELLs

 

Challenges in Content Area Learning for ELLS: Reading

 

Challenges in Content Area Learning for ELLS: Mathematics

 

Challenges in Content Area Learning for ELLS: Science

 

Challenges in Content Area Learning for ELLS: Social Studies

 

Culture in the Classroom

 

Testing Accommodations

 

Ten Ways Parents Can Promote Language Learning at Home

 

The Dos & Doníts of Working with an Interpreter

 

Common Questions and Answers concerning ESL

 

ESL acronyms

 

Helpful Websites and Shenendehowa ESL teacher contact info

 

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