Name: 
 

Astronomy Quiz



Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

1. 

Although electromagnetic waves differ in their wavelengths, they all travel at the speed of light, which is ____.
a.
300,000 km/s
c.
100 km/s
b.
6,000 km/h
d.
10,000 km/s
 

2. 

In a ____ telescope, light passes through convex lenses.
a.
reflecting
c.
refracting
b.
Hubble
d.
shuttle
 

3. 

A rocket is a motor that can burn fuel without requiring ____.
a.
water
c.
electricity
b.
air
d.
fire
 

4. 

The trouble experienced with the Hubble Space Telescope dealt with ____.
a.
its launch into space
b.
its deployment into space
c.
a mistake made when the mirror was shaped
d.
its position in the space shuttle
 

5. 

The phase of the Moon that immediately precedes the new Moon is the ____.
a.
waxing crescent
c.
waning crescent
b.
first quarter
d.
third quarter
 

6. 

A ____ occurs when the Moon moves directly between the Sun and Earth and throws a shadow on Earth.
a.
solar eclipse
c.
waning gibbous
b.
lunar eclipse
d.
waxing gibbous
 

7. 

The yearly orbit of Earth around the Sun is called its ____.
a.
rotation
c.
revolution
b.
ellipse
d.
tilt
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

8. 

Reflecting telescopes and refracting telescopes are both ____________________ telescopes.
 

 

9. 

Most ____________________ telescopes used by professional astronomers are housed in observatories.
 

 

10. 

A(n) ____________________ telescope uses concave mirrors to focus light.
 

 

11. 

In a(n) ____________________ telescope, light passes through convex lenses.
 

 

12. 

The twin Keck ____________________ telescopes have segmented mirrors 10 m wide.
 

 

13. 

Hours of daylight and nighttime are equal during a(n) ____________________.
 

 

14. 

Earth is ____________________ the Sun in January.
 

 

15. 

Most of the time, the Sun is north or south of the ____________________.
 

 

16. 

The Moon revolves around ____________________.
 

 

17. 

Earth is shaped like a(n) ____________________.
 

 

18. 

The spinning of Earth on its axis is called ____________________.
 

 

19. 

Earth ____________________ on its axis and ____________________ around the Sun.
 

 

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

20. 

A total solar eclipse can be seen only by people in the area of Earth within the Moon's umbra.
 

21. 

Earth rotates on its axis about once every year.
 

22. 

Night and day on Earth are caused by Earth's revolution around the Sun.
 

23. 

Daylight hours are shorter for the hemisphere that is tilted toward the Sun during the solstice.
 

24. 

A lunar eclipse occurs when Earth's shadow falls on the Moon.
 

25. 

If you followed a compass needle pointing north, you would end up at the geographical north pole of Earth.
 



 
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